Pic of 2008 Presidential election results by district. Courtesy of CQ Politics, 2009.
Cook Political Report editor David Wasserman recently tweeted the following:
In my estimation, if every state awarded Electoral votes by Congressional district (a la ME & NE), Romney would have won, 276-262.
— Dave Wasserman (@Redistrict) December 13, 2012
Below is a chart comparing the actual electoral vote to what the vote would have been had all states adopted the Nebraska/Maine method of apportioning electoral votes:
1960-2000 results provided by polidata, here. 2004-2008 results compiled using www.uselectionatlas.org.
As the fourth column of the chart indicates, the 1990 Census allowed Republicans to snatch away from Democrats their long held advantage in congressional district redrawing. The Republican gerrymander advantage becomes even more apparent following the 2000 and 2010 redrawings. The chart also indicates that only twice would the result by congressional district have effected the overall outcome of the race: in 2012 and 1960. Democrats won both of those races, but Republicans would have won under the Maine/Nebraska plan. In 1976, both Carter and President Ford would have won exactly 269 congressional votes apiece.